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Science Daily Weather
Mar 25, 2020

Heat takes its toll on mental health
Hot days increase the probability that an average adult in the US will report bad mental health, according to a new study.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 25, 2020

International ozone treaty stops changes in Southern Hemisphere winds
The Montreal Protocol of 1987 phased out production of ozone-destroying substances such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Beginning around 2000, concentrations of those chemicals in the stratosphere started to decline and the ozone hole began to recover. In this study, researchers have shown that around the year 2000, the circulation of the Southern Hemisphere also stopped expanding polewards -- a pause or slight reversal of the earlier trends.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 18, 2020

Global warming influence on extreme weather events has been frequently underestimated
Analysis shows global warming is intensifying the occurrence of unprecedented hot spells and downpours faster than predicted by historical trends.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 11, 2020

Coral reefs 'weathering' the pressure of globalization
More information about the effects human activities have on Southeast Asian coral reefs has been revealed, with researchers looking at how large-scale global pressures, combined with the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) climate pattern, can detrimentally impact these delicate marine ecosystems.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 10, 2020

Climate shifts prompt shrubs and trees to take root in open areas
Wild, treeless landscapes are becoming more wooded as climate change leads to warming temperatures and wetter weather, research suggests.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 09, 2020

How new data can make ecological forecasts as good as weather forecasts
Soon, ecologists thinks we'll be able to pull off the same forecasting feat for bird migrations and wildlife populations as for climate forecasts. That's because just as those recurring changes in climate have predictable consequences for humans, they also have predictable effects on plants and animals.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 05, 2020

What we don't know (about lakes) could hurt us
As the power of extreme weather events increase with climate change, a team of scientists warn that lakes around the world may dramatically change, threatening ecosystem health and water quality.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 03, 2020

New version of Earth model captures climate dynamics
A new high-resolution Earth systems model has been designed to predict climate trends into the next century. The model will provide the scientific basis by which to mitigate the effects of extreme climate on energy and other essential services.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 27, 2020

Big data helps farmers adapt to climate variability
A new study has precisely quantified soil and landscape features and spatial and temporal yield variations in response to climate variability.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 20, 2020

The climate and increased extreme weather affect our energy systems
Climate change, with more and more storms and heat waves, also has consequences for our energy supply. An international research team has now developed a new method for calculating how extreme weather affects energy systems.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 19, 2020

Jet stream not getting 'wavier' despite Arctic warming
Rapid Arctic warming has not led to a 'wavier' jet stream around the mid-latitudes in recent decades, pioneering new research has shown.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 18, 2020

Warming oceans are getting louder
One of the ocean's loudest creatures is smaller than you'd expect -- and will get even louder and more troublesome to humans and sea life as the ocean warms, according to new research.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 13, 2020

Computer-based weather forecast: New algorithm outperforms mainframe computer systems
The exponential growth in computer processing power seen over the past 60 years may soon come to a halt. Complex systems such as those used in weather forecast, for example, require high computing capacities, but the costs for running supercomputers to process large quantities of data can become a limiting factor. Researchers have recently unveiled an algorithm that can solve complex problems with remarkable facility -- even on a personal computer.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 11, 2020

Storm-induced sea level spikes differ in origin on US east, Gulf coasts
The Gulf Coast, especially New Orleans, is particularly vulnerable to storm surge. As the climate warms, the region will be even more susceptible to extreme storm surges, according to new research.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 05, 2020

Extreme weather conditions can tax urban drainage systems to the max
During a typical Canadian winter, snow accumulation and melt -- combined with sudden rainfalls -- can lead to bottlenecks in storm drains that can cause flooding. With that in mind, researchers have been examining urban stormwater drainage systems, and they too have concerns about the resilience of many urban drainage systems.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 04, 2020

Deep learning accurately forecasts heat waves, cold spells
Using an advanced form of deep learning, researchers created a computer system that learned how to accurately predict extreme weather events, like heat waves, up to five days in advance using minimal information about current weather conditions. Ironically, the self-learning 'capsule neural network' uses a method reminiscent of 'analog' weather forecasting, which was made obsolete by computers in the 1950s.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 03, 2020

Aerosols have an outsized impact on extreme weather
A reduction in manmade aerosols in Europe has been tied to a reduction in extreme winter weather in the region.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 03, 2020

Losing coastal plant communities to climate change will weaken sea defenses
New research suggests the impact of rising sea levels and the increased frequency and intensity of extreme storm events on coastal plants needs to be placed in greater focus.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 30, 2020

Rapid weather swings increase flu risk
New research shows that rapid weather variability as a result of climate change could increase the risk of a flu epidemic in some highly populated regions in the late 21st century.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 29, 2020

Meteorites reveal high carbon dioxide levels on early Earth
Tiny meteorites no larger than grains of sand hold new clues about the atmosphere on ancient Earth, according to scientists.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 29, 2020

Space super-storm likelihood estimated from longest period of magnetic field observations
A 'great' space weather super-storm large enough to cause significant disruption to our electronic and networked systems occurred on average once in every 25 years according to a new study.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 27, 2020

Airborne measurements point to low EPA methane estimates in south central US
Approximately twice as much methane is seeping into the atmosphere than the Environmental Protection Agency estimates from oil and gas facilities in the south central U.S., according to a series of measurements taken by meteorologists using NASA aircraft.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 27, 2020

Driven by Earth's orbit, climate changes in Africa may have aided human migration
New research describes a dynamic climate and vegetation model that explains when regions across Africa, areas of the Middle East, and the Mediterranean were wetter and drier and how the plant composition changed in tandem, possibly providing migration corridors throughout time.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 27, 2020

Earth's most biodiverse ecosystems face a perfect storm
A combination of climate change, extreme weather and pressure from local human activity is causing a collapse in global biodiversity and ecosystems across the tropics, new research shows. The study mapped over 100 locations where tropical forests and coral reefs have been affected by climate extremes such as hurricanes, floods, heatwaves, droughts and fires.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 27, 2020

Children to bear the burden of negative health effects from climate change
The grim effects that climate change will have on pediatric health outcomes was the focus of a recent article.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 23, 2020

2018's Four Corners drought directly linked to human-caused climate change
The western United States has experienced such intense droughts over the past decade that technical descriptions are becoming inadequate. In many places, conditions are rocketing past "severe," through "extreme," all the way to "exceptional drought."

Science Daily Weather
Jan 23, 2020

How to minimize the impacts of severe weather on wildlife
Data collected are providing crucial new insights for scientists seeking to minimize the impacts of severe weather and climate change on wildlife.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 22, 2020

Despite less ozone pollution, not all plants benefit
Policies and new technologies have reduced emissions of precursor gases that lead to ozone air pollution, but despite those improvements, the amount of ozone that plants are taking in has not followed the same trend, according to researchers.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 22, 2020

Mapping the path of climate change
Predicting a major transition, such as climate change, is extremely difficult, but a new probabilistic framework is the first step in identifying the path between a shift in two environmental states.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 15, 2020

NASA, NOAA analyses reveal 2019 second warmest year on record
According to independent analyses by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Earth's global surface temperatures in 2019 were the second warmest since modern recordkeeping began in 1880.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 15, 2020

Global warming to increase violent crime in the United States
A new study predicts millions of additional violent crimes in coming decades.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 14, 2020

Historical housing disparities linked with dangerous climate impacts
Extreme heat kills more people in the United States than any other type of hazardous weather and will likely become even deadlier due to climate change. However, extreme heat does not affect all people equally.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 14, 2020

Climate change increases the risk of wildfires confirms new review
Human-induced climate change promotes the conditions on which wildfires depend, increasing their likelihood -- according to a review of research on global climate change and wildfire risk.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 13, 2020

Future subtropical warming accelerates tropical climate change
In response to future fossil fuel burning, climate computer models simulate a pronounced warming in the tropical oceans. This warming can influence the El Niño phenomenon and shift weather and rainfall patterns across the globe. Despite being robustly simulated in computer models of the climate system, the origin of this accelerated tropical warming has remained a mystery. A new study concludes that climate change outside the tropics is the main culprit.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 10, 2020

Cracks in Arctic sea ice turn low clouds on and off
The prevailing view has been that more leads are associated with more low-level clouds during winter. But an atmospheric scientists noticed something strange in their study of these leads: when lead occurrence was greater, there were fewer, not more clouds.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 08, 2020

Evolving landscape added fuel to Gobi Desert's high-speed winds
A new study finds that the dark, rocky landscape of the Hami basin in the Gobi Desert helped to make it one of the windiest places in China.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 06, 2020

Antarctic waters: Warmer with more acidity and less oxygen
The increased freshwater from melting Antarctic ice sheets plus increased wind has reduced the amount of oxygen in the Southern Ocean and made it more acidic and warmer, according to new research.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 02, 2020

Climate signals detected in global weather
Searched for and found: climate researchers can now detect the fingerprint of global warming in daily weather observations at the global scale. They are thus amending a long-established paradigm: weather is not climate -- but climate change can now be detected in daily weather.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 02, 2020

Climate change impacted Hurricane Florence's precipitation and size
A new modeling framework showed that Hurricane Florence produced more extreme rainfall and was spatially larger due to human-induced climate change.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 30, 2019

Scientists link La Niña climate cycle to increased diarrhea
A study finds that spikes in cases of life-threatening diarrhea in young children are associated with La Niña climate conditions. The findings could provide the basis for an early-warning system that would allow public health officials to prepare for periods of increased diarrhea cases as long as seven months ahead of time.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 18, 2019

Preparing for extreme sea levels depends on location, time
Using historical data from tide gauges that line US coasts, researchers created an extreme sea level indicator that identifies how much of a role different major weather and ocean forces have played in affecting extreme sea levels in coastal areas around the country.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 17, 2019

In ancient Scottish tree rings, a cautionary tale on climate, politics and survival
Using old tree rings and archival documents, historians and climate scientists have detailed an extreme cold period in Scotland in the 1690s that caused immense suffering. It may have lessons for Brexit-era politics.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 17, 2019

Applying physics principle yields grim prediction on hurricane destruction in era of global warming
Global warming could well lead to hurricanes more powerful than meteorologists currently forecast. A physicist noticed that one of the principles of physics -- phase transition -- did not appear in the scientific literature of meteorology. Using 60 years of published data, he demonstrated that the destructive power of tropical hurricanes increased linearly and rapidly as water temperature increased. The destructive energy could therefore treble if water temperatures rise by 2 degrees.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 16, 2019

Birds' seasonal migrations shift earlier as climate changes
In what the authors believe is one of the first studies to examine climate change impact on the timing of bird migration on a continental scale, researchers report that spring migrants were likely to pass certain stops earlier now than they would have 20 years ago. Also, temperature and migration timing were closely aligned, with the greatest changes in migration timing occurring in the regions warming most rapidly. Timing shifts were less apparent in fall, they add.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 13, 2019

Finding a killer electron hot spot in Earth's Van Allen radiation belts
JAXA and NASA satellite observations show where killer electrons are generated in the Van Allen radiation belts surrounding Earth.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 12, 2019

Climate cycles and insect pests drive migration timing of reindeer's North American cousin
Biologists have discovered two unexpected drivers for migration timing that dispute long-held assumptions and provide insight into potential future effects of climate change on caribou. First, the start of migration is synchronized across North America and tied to large-scale, ocean-driven climate cycles. Second, warm, windless summers that favored insect pests lead to poorer maternal health and delayed arrivals at the calving grounds the following spring.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 11, 2019

Mountain goats' air conditioning is failing, study says
A new study says Glacier National Park's iconic mountain goats are in dire need of 'air conditioning.'

Science Daily Weather
Dec 09, 2019

Community characteristics shape climate change discussions after extreme weather
Political affiliations, the presence of local environmental organizations and prior local media coverage of climate change play a role in how a community reacts to an extreme weather event, according to new research.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 07, 2019

Closing critical gap in weather forecasting
Scientists working on the next frontier of weather forecasting are hoping that weather conditions 3-to-4 weeks out will soon be as readily available as seven-day forecasts. Having this type of weather information--called subseasonal forecasts--in the hands of the public and emergency managers can provide the critical lead time necessary to prepare for natural hazards like heat waves or the next polar vortex.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 05, 2019

Damaging rains from hurricanes more intense after winds begin to subside
Howling wind drives torrential rain sideways as tall, slender palms bow and tree limbs snap. A hurricane approaches, its gale-force winds wreaking havoc as it nears the coast. Storm surges combine with the downpour, inundating the area with water.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 04, 2019

Atmospheric river storms create $1 billion-a-year flood damage
Researchers found that flooding has caused nearly $51 billion in damages to western states in the last 40 years. More than 84 percent of these damages were caused by atmospheric rivers (ARs), long narrow corridors of water vapor in the atmosphere capable of carrying more than twice the volume of the Amazon river through the sky.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 04, 2019

Outlook for the polar regions in a 2-degrees-warmer world
With 2019 on pace as one of the warmest years on record, a major new study reveals how rapidly the Arctic is warming and examines global consequences of continued polar warming. The study reports that the Arctic has warmed by 0.75 degrees C in the last decade alone.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 25, 2019

A missing link in haze formation
Hazy days don't just block the view; they mean the air contains particulate matter that can compromise human health. Chemists have now discovered a way that alcohols can balance out the formation of new particles, a finding that could improve the accuracy of air-quality forecasts.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 25, 2019

Meeting the challenges facing fisheries climate risk insurance
Insurance schemes with the potential to improve the resilience of global fisheries face a host of future challenges, researchers say.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 20, 2019

Dead-zone report card reflects improving water quality in Chesapeake Bay
The 2019 'dead-zone' report card for Chesapeake Bay indicates that the volume of low-oxygen, 'hypoxic' water was on the high end of the normal range, a finding that scientists consider relatively good news given the unfavorable weather conditions.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 18, 2019

Pollution from Athabasca oil sands affects weather processes
Scientists have been looking at pollution affecting the air, land and water around the Athabaska Oil Sands for some time. After looking at contaminants in snow taken from up-to 25 km away from the oil sands, a McGill-led scientific team now suggests that oil sand pollution is also affecting the weather patterns in the surrounding regions.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 13, 2019

When reporting climate-driven human migration, place matters
Location matters when talking about how climate might or might not be driving migration from Central America. Climate research in the dry corridor region revealed a complex pattern of change. If you average across the entire region you wouldn't see a trend going either way.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 13, 2019

Stalled weather patterns will get bigger due to climate change
Climate change will increase the size of stalled high-pressure systems that can cause heat waves, droughts and other extreme weather, according to a new study.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 12, 2019

Deep neural networks speed up weather and climate models
A team of environmental and computation scientists is using deep neural networks, a type of machine learning, to replace the parameterizations of certain physical schemes in the Weather Research and Forecasting Model, an extremely comprehensive model that simulates the evolution of many aspects of the physical world around us.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 12, 2019

This is what the monsoon might look like in a warmer world
In the last interglacial period on Earth about 125,000 years ago, the Indian monsoon was longer, more extreme and less reliable than it is today. This is the conclusion drawn after analyses of a dripstone from a cave in north-eastern India, combining various methods that provide information about supra-regional and local weather phenomena and the climate dynamics of the past.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 11, 2019

Hurricanes have become bigger and more destructive for USA
A new study shows that hurricanes have become more destructive since 1900, and the worst of them are more than 3 times as frequent now than 100 years ago. A new way of calculating the destruction unequivocally shows a climatic increase in the frequency of the most destructive hurricanes that routinely raise havoc on the North American south- and east coast.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 08, 2019

Turbulence creates ice in clouds
Vertical air motions increase ice formation in mixed-phase clouds. This correlation was predicted theoretically for a long time, but could now be observed for the first time in nature. Using laser and radar equipment, the team measured the vertical air velocity and ice formation in thin mixed-phase clouds.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 08, 2019

Using AI to predict where and when lightning will strike
Researchers have developed a novel way of predicting lightning strikes to the nearest 10 to 30 minutes and within a radius of 30 kilometers. The system uses a combination of standard data from weather stations and artificial intelligence.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 05, 2019

Satellite tracking shows how ships affect clouds and climate
By matching the movement of ships to the changes in clouds caused by their emissions, researchers have shown how strongly the two are connected.

Science Daily Weather
Nov 04, 2019

Satellites are key to monitoring ocean carbon
Satellites now play a key role in monitoring carbon levels in the oceans, but we are only just beginning to understand their full potential.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 29, 2019

Why are big storms bringing so much more rain? Warming, yes, but also winds
For three hurricane seasons in a row, storms with record-breaking rainfall have caused catastrophic flooding in the southern United States. A new analysis explains why this trend is likely to continue with global warming: Both the higher moisture content of warmer air and storms' increasing wind speeds conspire to produce wetter storms.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 29, 2019

New AI deep learning model allows earlier, more accurate ozone warnings
Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence-based ozone forecasting system, which would allow local areas to predict ozone levels 24 hours in advance.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 22, 2019

Satellite data used to calculate snow depth in mountain ranges
Bioscience engineers have developed a method to measure the snow depth in all mountain ranges in the Northern Hemisphere using satellites. This technique makes it possible to study areas that cannot be accessed for local measurements, such as the Himalayas.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 21, 2019

Climate warming promises more frequent extreme El Niño events
New research, based on 33 historical El Niño events from 1901 to 2017, show climate change effects have shifted the El Niño onset location from the eastern Pacific to the western Pacific and caused more frequent extreme El Niño events since the 1970's. Continued warming over the western Pacific warm pool, driven by anthropogenic climate change, promises conditions that will trigger more extreme events in the future.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 18, 2019

Land management practices to reduce nitrogen load may be affected by climate changes
Nitrogen from agricultural production is a major cause of pollution in the Mississippi River Basin and contributes to large dead zones in the Gulf of Mexico. Illinois and other Midwestern states have set goals to reduce nitrogen load through strategies that include different land management practices. A new study uses computer modeling to estimate how those practices may be affected by potential changes in the climate, such as increased rainfall.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 15, 2019

Last year's extreme snowfall wiped out breeding of Arctic animals and plants
In 2018, vast amounts of snow were spread across most of the Arctic region and did not melt fully until late summer, if at all. Researchers documented the consequences of this extreme weather event at Zackenberg, Northeast Greenland by extensively monitoring all components of the local ecosystem for more than 20 years, allowing them to compare life in the extreme year of 2018 to other, more 'normal,' years.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 15, 2019

Artificial intelligence and farmer knowledge boost smallholder maize yields
Farmers in Colombia's maize-growing region of Córdoba had seen it all: too much rain one year, a searing drought the next. Yields were down and their livelihoods hung in the balance. To better deal with climate stress, farmers in Colombia's maize-growing region of Córdoba needed information services that would help them decide what varieties to plant, when they should sow and how they should manage their crops.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 08, 2019

Believing in climate change doesn't mean you are preparing for climate change
Researchers found that although coastal homeowners may perceive a worsening of climate change-related hazards, these attitudes are largely unrelated to a homeowner's expectations of actual home damage.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 07, 2019

Another casualty of climate change? Recreational fishing
Another casualty of climate change will likely be shoreline recreational fishing, according to new research. The study finds some regions of the U.S. may benefit from increasing temperatures, but those benefits will be more than offset by declines in fishing elsewhere.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 07, 2019

The last mammoths died on a remote island
Isolation, extreme weather, and the possible arrival of humans may have killed off the holocene herbivores just 4,000 years ago.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 03, 2019

Northern forests have lost crucial cold, snowy conditions
Winter conditions are changing more rapidly than any other season and researchers have found clear signs of a decline in frost days, snow covered days and other indicators of winter that could have lasting impacts on ecosystems, water supplies, the economy, tourism and human health.

Science Daily Weather
Oct 02, 2019

Preventing future forest diebacks
Removing dead trees from the forests and reforesting on a large scale: this is the German Federal Government's strategy against 'Forest Dieback 2.0', researchers say. Ecologists call for other solutions.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 30, 2019

Brave new world: Simple changes in intensity of weather events 'could be lethal'
Faced with extreme weather events and unprecedented environmental change, animals and plants are scrambling to catch up -- with mixed results. A new model helps to predict the types of changes that could drive a given species to extinction.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 25, 2019

Climate change could cause drought in wheat-growing areas
Wheat supplies about 20 percent of all calories consumed by humans. In a new study, researchers found that up to 60 percent of current wheat-growing areas worldwide could see simultaneous, severe and prolonged droughts by the end of the century.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 24, 2019

New standard of reference for assessing solar forecast proposed
Being able to accurately forecast how much solar energy reaches the surface of the Earth is key to guiding decisions for running solar power plants and new work looks to provide a standard of reference to the field. A researcher proposes an improved way to assess day-ahead solar forecasting, which combines two popular reference methods for weather forecasting, namely persistence and climatology. His approach provides a new way to gauge the skill of a forecaster.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 20, 2019

Daily rainfall over Sumatra linked to larger atmospheric phenomenon
Atmospheric scientists reveal details of the connection between a larger atmospheric phenomenon, termed the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), and the daily patterns of rainfall in the Maritime Continent.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 20, 2019

Water may be scarce for new power plants in Asia
Climate change and over-tapped waterways could leave developing parts of Asia without enough water to cool power plants in the near future, new research indicates. The study found that existing and planned power plants that burn coal for energy could be vulnerable.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 19, 2019

Hurricane Nicole sheds light on how storms impact deep ocean
2016's Hurricane Nicole had a significant effect on the ocean's carbon cycle and deep sea ecosystems.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 19, 2019

Investments to address climate change are good business
New research suggests that over the next few decades, acting to reduce climate change is expected to cost much less than the damage otherwise inflicted by climate change on people, infrastructure and ecosystems.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 18, 2019

Scientists forecasted late May tornado outbreak nearly 4 weeks in advance
Scientists report that they accurately predicted the nation's extensive tornado outbreak of late May 2019 nearly 4 weeks before it began.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 18, 2019

Mechanism modeling for better forecasts, climate predictions
Modeling currents together with wind and waves provides more accurate predictions for weather forecasts and climate scientists.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 17, 2019

Peatlands trap CO2, even during droughts
Scientists studied the two species of moss that make up the peatland. They discovered that in hot weather and drought conditions, one species resists, whereas the other is negatively impacted. In wet weather conditions the opposite takes place. Peatland however survives in the end. Although peatlands make up only 3% of the Earth's surface, they store one third of CO2 present in soil. Preserving peatlands would therefore limit the impact of future climate change.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 12, 2019

'Fire inversions' lock smoke in valleys
There's an atmospheric feedback loop, says an atmospheric scientist, that can lock smoke in valleys in much the same way that temperature inversions lock the smog and gunk in the Salt Lake Valley each winter. But understanding this loop can help scientists predict how smoke will impact air quality in valleys, hopefully helping both residents and firefighters alike.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 11, 2019

'Planting water' is possible -- against aridity and droughts
Scientists have developed a mathematical model that can reflect the complex interplays between vegetation, soil and water regimes. They show, for example, that in beech forests water is increasingly cycled between soil and vegetation to increase evaporation to the atmosphere, while grass cover promotes groundwater recharge.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 10, 2019

Satellite data record shows climate change's impact on fires
While every fire needs a spark to ignite and fuel to burn, it's the hot and dry conditions in the atmosphere that determine the likelihood of a fire starting, its intensity and the speed at which it spreads. Over the past several decades, as the world has increasingly warmed, so has its potential to burn.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 10, 2019

New volcanic eruption forecasting technique
Volcanic eruptions and their ash clouds pose a significant hazard to population centers and air travel, especially those that show few to no signs of unrest beforehand. Geologists are now using a technique traditionally used in weather and climate forecasting to develop new eruption forecasting models. By testing if the models are able to capture the likelihood of past eruptions, the researchers are making strides in the science of volcanic forecasting.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 10, 2019

The danger of heat and cold across Australia
Cold temperatures are not nearly as deadly as heat, with around 2% of all deaths in Australia related to heat, according to new research.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 05, 2019

Extreme weather events linked to poor mental health
People with homes damaged by extreme weather events are more likely to experience mental health issues such as depression and anxiety even when the damage is relatively minor and does not force them to leave their homes, a new study suggests.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 04, 2019

Underwater soundscapes reveal differences in marine environments
Storms, boat traffic, animal noises and more contribute to the underwater sound environment in the ocean, even in areas considered protected.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 30, 2019

Deep snow cover in the Arctic region intensifies heat waves in Eurasia
Variations in the depth of snow cover in the Arctic region from late winter to spring determines the summer temperature pattern in Eurasia, according to new research. In particular, deeper-than-usual snow cover in Western Russia enhanced the likelihood of summer heat waves in Europe and Northeast Asia in recent years.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 29, 2019

Bacteria feeding on Arctic algae blooms can seed clouds
New research finds Arctic Ocean currents and storms are moving bacteria from ocean algae blooms into the atmosphere where the particles help clouds form. These particles, which are biological in origin, can affect weather patterns throughout the world, according to the new study.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 28, 2019

Europe warming faster than expected due to climate change
Climate change is increasing the number of days of extreme heat and decreasing the number of days of extreme cold in Europe, posing a risk for residents in the coming decades, according to a new study.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 28, 2019

Scientists call for infiltration to be better incorporated into land surface models
Soil scientists can't possibly be everywhere at once to study every bit of soil across the planet. Plus, soils are constantly changing.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 28, 2019

Using artificial intelligence to track birds' dark-of-night migrations
Researchers have unveiled a machine learning system called 'MistNet' to extract bird data from the radar record and to take advantage of the treasure trove of bird migration information in the decades-long radar data archives.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 27, 2019

Positives of climate change? Agricultural, economic possibilities for West Virginia
Researchers found that, between 1900 and 2016, maximum temperatures in West Virginia trended downward, average minimum temperatures ascended and annual precipitation increased. Even so, he predicts future climates in West Virginia will be more conducive to agricultural production.

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